Lytron - Total Thermal Solutions
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Tools & Technical Reference


Selecting an LCS™ Liquid-to-Liquid Cooling System

In most LCS™ sizing applications, we know the temperature of the facility water (TF), the desired process set-point temperature (TP), the flow rate through the process (dot_over_v.jpgP) and the heat load of the process, Q.

Cooling System LCS Diagram

To determine the required capacity, Q/ITD, we first need to calculate the change in temperature, ΔT, through the process. We can do this either by solving the heat capacity equation:


or by using the heat capacity graphs.

Next, we calculate Q/ITD to find the required cooling capacity. Q is the process heat load. ITD, the initial temperature difference, is the difference in temperature between the warm return water, (TP+ ΔT) and the cold facility water (TF).


Finally, refer to the LCS performance curves to determine the facility process flow rate required to achieve the calculated Q/ITD.


A solder reflow oven requires a process set point of 20 °C. The heat load is 10 kW and the process water flow rate is 5 gpm. The facility water is at 10°C.

Using the heat capacity graphs, we find that the ΔT through the process is approximately 7.6°C for the condition 10 kW at 5 gpm.

We can now solve for Q/ITD as follows:


Referencing the LCS performance graph, we can see that a facility flow rate above 2 gpm will meet the required performance.

Cooling System LCS Thermal Performance Graph

Water Temperature Change Graph

We also offer a simple, interactive on-line LCS product selector - simply enter your process parameters and it will pick the right product for you.